City of art and places to discover starting from the Marina Julia Camping Village
Among UNESCO sites and cities of art, Friuli Venezia Giulia is the repository of a great story that is that of the history of Europe. Discovering the places of the Great War and following the itineraries of the protagonists of the international artistic and cultural scene will add value to your holiday at the Marina Julia Camping Village.
Aquileia, capital of the Roman Empire
Important city of the Roman Empire and then the main center for the spread of Christianity in northeastern Europe, Aquileia represents an extraordinary opportunity for knowledge and offers an unparalleled visual spectacle.
Since 1998 it has been a UNESCO site since 1998 due to the importance of its archaeological area and the beauty of the floor mosaics it houses. The largest and most famous is that of the basilica of S. Maria Assunta, dating back to the 4th century, to which are added other precious remains from the Roman and early Christian periods, which make Aquileia a capital of the Roman mosaic of the West.
Palmanova, the starry city
Built in 1593 by the Republic of Venice, Palmanova is a fortress-city preserved in extraordinary conditions. National monument since 1960, in 2017 it became part of the UNESCO Heritage.
With its plant in the shape of a perfect nine-pointed star, the monumental entrance gates and the three fortification circles of the sixteenth, seventeenth and nineteenth centuries, Palmanova is at the same time a model of an ideal Renaissance city and an example of military architecture in able to concretely show the visitor the technical evolution of the science of fortifications throughout the modern age. The Piazza Grande, a vast square of weapons placed exactly in the center of the fortress, houses the permanent exhibition of artificial instruments and machines to build the fortress of Palma that reproduces some of the machines used for the construction of Palmanova.
The first weekend of September, Palmanova is animated by the great historical re-enactment A.D. 1615. Palma in arms where over eight hundred re-enactors in seventeenth-century costumes recall the beginning of the war between the Habsburgs Austria and the Venetian Republic.
Redipuglia and the Great War
(Redipuglia from the Slovenian "sredij polije" or middle ground), is the largest Italian military memorial; it is located in the province of Gorizia on the Carso on the western side of Mount Sei Busi and rises in the places where during the First World War violent battles took place along the Isonzo river.
It was designed by architect Giovanni Greppi and sculptor Giannino Castiglioni and inaugurated in 1938 after ten years of work. It holds the bodies of 100,000 fallen during the Great War.
Trieste, the cosmopolitan city
Beautiful and cultured, Trieste is the most cosmopolitan city in Italy. The Habsburgs made it "the little Vienna on the sea" and even today it is easy to sense its soul, both Central European and Mediterranean, thanks to the mix of languages, cultures and religions.
The heart of the city is the most beautiful and most symbolic of its squares, today dedicated to the Unity of Italy. The most spectacular side of the square is the one facing the sea, over which the Molo Audace stretches for over two hundred meters. From here, the view opens up to the monumental palaces, on the Greek Orthodox church of San Nicolò, on the Grand Canal, the center of what was the village wanted by Maria Teresa of Austria and which with its churches testifies to the happy coexistence of different religions. In the distance, one can see the white outline of Miramare, the romantic castle of Maximilian and Carlotta of Habsburg.
Trieste is also the city of coffee. Free port for the import of coffee since the eighteenth century, the port of Trieste is still the most important in the Mediterranean for its traffic. But coffee in Trieste also rhymes with literature: numerous and beautiful are the literary cafes, historic bars with a retro charm once frequented by great authors such as James Joyce, Italo Svevo, Umberto Saba and still much loved by writers and intellectuals.